Maple sap vs maple syrup

What is Maple Syrup?

Maple syrup is made from the sap of sugar maple trees and red maple trees. In Kentucky, maple sap tends to be 1-2 percent sugar. This percentage is measured in Brix. The water is evaporated out of the sap, most often over a wood fire, using special pans until until the sugar content is condensed to 66.5 Brix (percent). The boiling of the sap over the heat causes the sugars to caramelize into a golden brown color. Nothing is added to pure maple syrup, it is simply pure tree sap boiled down to the correct sugar content.  

How Much Maple Sap Does it Take to Make a Gallon of Maple Syrup?

It really depends on the sugar content of the maple sap. The sugar content can vary tree to tree and season to season. If the sap measures 2 Brix or 2 percent sugar then it takes 43 gallons of sap to make a gallon of maple syrup. While Kentucky producers can see sap measuring 2 Brix we often experience a lower sugar content. If the sap measures 1 Brix then it will take 86 gallons of sap to produce a gallon of maple syrup.